"Some scholars argue that some frequently used measures of state capacity are tautological, or contradictory (Cingolani, 2013, pp. 36-41; Kocher, 2010)."

Geloso, Vincent, and Michael Makovi. "State capacity and the post office: Evidence from nineteenth century Quebec." Journal of Government and Economics 5 (2022): 100035, note 8.


L. Cingolani. 2013. The State of State Capacity: A Review of Concepts, Evidence, and Measures

Working Papers 53, UNU-MERIT.

M.A. Kocher. 2010. State capacity as a conceptual variable

Yale J. Int. Aff., 5, pp. 137-145

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